To detect this, you would either have to review the security logs regularly or use a network sniffer to monitor users accessing shares in real time. A combination of the two would be the most prudent. Security logging can be switched on from the event viewer.
A network sniffer can be used to log IP's & Users accessing particular servers or shares. In real time an administrator would be able to see which users are accessing which shares. An example of such a sniffer is LANguard:
http://www.languard.com or Sessionwall: http://www.sessionwall.com
If the above options do not provide enough security for you, download Access manager for Windows.
Access manager provides much more security than standard ways in Windows.
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